Jean-Baptisite-Armand Guillaumin

French, 1841-1927 Biography

Armand Guillaumin was born in Paris in 1841. From humble beginnings as a clerk working for a railway company, he studied painting at his local art school, and later progressed to the Académie Suisse, where he met Cézanne and Pissarro.

He exhibited at the Salon des Réfusés in 1863, and was an original member of the Impressionist group. He showed at six of the eight exhibitions between 1874 and 1886.

Winning a big prize in a lottery in 1891 enabled him to give up his job and devote himself to painting. Guillaumin visited Crozant in the Upper Valley of the Creuse for the first time in 1892. In 1897, he settled there permanently, finally building his own house there in 1910. He also made visits to many other parts of France, especially the South, and also to Holland.

His first one-man exhibition was in 1897 at Durand-Ruel in Paris. Guillaumin was the last of the Impressionists, dying a few months after Claude Monet. His work can be seen in many French museums, including the Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris.

Exhibitions:
Salon des Réfusés, Paris, France, 1863
Solo exhibition, Durand-Ruel, Paris, France, 1897

Museums/Collections:
Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris, France

Coucher du Soleil dans la Creuse

Oil on canvas
29 ⅛ x 39 ⅜ inches
41 x 51 inches framed
Signed lower left: Guillaumin
Executed circa 1898

Provenance:
Lucien Schloss, Paris
Peter Findlay, New York
Private collection, France

Exhibitions:
Guillaumin, Musée du Petit Palais, Geneva, 8th January - 31st May, 1992, p. 82, no. 32 (reproduced in color)
Armand Guillaumin l'impressionniste, ami de Cézanne et de Van Gogh, Musée Paul Dupuy, Toulouse, 24 February - 31st May, 1993, p. 88, no. 32
Armand Guillaumin l'impressionniste, ami de Cézanne et de Van Gogh, Musée des Beaux Arts, Clermont Ferrand, 17 February - 11 June, 1995, no. 36
Vom Spiel der farbe Armand Guillaumin ein wergessener Impressionist, Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne, 23 February - 5 May, 1996, p. 207, no. G 68
Armand Guillaumin, un maitre de l'impressionnisme, Fondation de l'Hermitage, Lausanne, 12th July - 20th October, 1997, p. 110, no. 62
Armand Guillaumin de la lumière à la couleur, Musée d’Art et d’histoire, Belfort, 7th June - 31st August, 1997, p. 65, no. 35
l’Impressionismo di Guillaumin, Palazzo Bricheriaso, Turin, 24th October, 2003 - 1st February, 2007, p. 105 (reproduced in colour)

Literature:
Fabiani, Dominique and Georges Serret. Armand Guillaumin, 1841-1927: catalogue raisonneé de l'oeuvre peint. Paris: Mayer, 1971. no. 394.
Gray, Christopher. Armand Guillaumin. Conneticut: Pequot Press, 1991. pg. 178